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Lumpy skin disease

Lumpy skin disease is a vector-borne pox disease of domestic cattle and Asian water buffalo and is characterized by the appearance of skin nodules. Endemic across Africa and the Middle East, the disease has, since 2015, spread into the Balkans, the Caucasus and the southern Russian Federation. Outbreaks of LSD cause substantial economic losses in affected countries, but while all stakeholders in the cattle industry suffer income losses, poor, small-scale, and backyard farmers are hit hardest. The disease impacts heavily on cattle production, milk yields, and animal body condition. It causes damage to hides, abortion, and infertility. Total or partial stamping-out costs add to direct losses. Indirect losses stem from restrictions on cattle movements and trade. In addition to vectors, the transmission may occur through consumption of contaminated feed or water, direct contact, natural mating or artificial insemination. Large-scale vaccination is the most effective way of limiting the spread of the disease. Effective vaccines against LSD exist and the sooner they are used the less severe the economic impact of an outbreak is likely to be.

This resource was created with the assistance of FAO (TCP/RER/3605)) in order to inform specialists, owners of bovine animals, livestock farmers with different levels of biosecurity, farmers, hunters, butchers, carriers and ordinary citizens about the state and degree of threat of  LSD, peculiarities of recognition of the disease, specificity of its prevention and elimination in case of the emergence and familiarization of specialists with advanced experience in the organization of anti-epizootic measures.

It includes components of GIS, which will provide comfortable data entry into the system in case of outbreaks, followed by their visualization, and involves the active collaboration of veterinary doctors with animal owners and objects under control.

We hope that this resource will become a reliable source of up-to-date information for interested citizens and improve the awareness of society as a whole.

News on LSD


  • A 4-week online course on LSD Preparedness in Russian will start on 20 October 2020. Participants will either be nominated by their vet services or they can self-register through this link. Please feel free to distribute it to Russian-speaking colleagues who may be interested.
  • 30-min podcast is now available about the recently finalized online pilot on LSD Preparedness and other FAO initiatives on LSD, as well as challenges and lessons learnt in managing the disease.
  • The FAO guidelines Carcass management for small and medium scale livestock farms is now available in Spanish (Gestión de cadáveres para pequeñas y medianas explotaciones ganaderas).


  • FAO provided support on vaccination procurement to Lebanon. A SFERA funded project was approved and designated for a cattle vaccination campaign. The vaccination procurement was already done and vaccines are expected to arrive within the next weeks.
  • FAO provided support on vaccination procurement to Bangladesh. The vaccines procurement is ongoing. The project is being coordinated by the Government.
  • There are newly available languages for LSD awareness materials in the online repository, namely fully editable leaflets (Arabic, Mongolian and Vietnamese) and posters (Vietnamese), as well as LSD videos (Mongolian).

Latest documents


Lumpy skin disease preparedness

Online training, 20/10/2020 - 17/11/2020

Under the umbrella of the Global Framework for the Progressive Control of Transboundary Animal Diseases (GF-TADs) and jointly with the European Commission for the Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease (EuFMD) and the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute in Germany, FAO is offering an online course on lumpy skin disease preparedness in Russian language. Russian-speaking veterinarians can apply.

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